The reading argues that Americans need to switch from their private automobiles to public transportation. Rebutting the reading, ←動詞分詞引導的(原因、條件、方式)前置的狀語，陳述聽力材料和閱讀材料之間的關系： the lecturer contends that changing the long-formed habit would be impractical and ineffective.
According the reading, in some cities around the globe, public transportation is so developed that a traveler can reach any part of a city without driving. This situation is, according to the lecture, however only possible in a city, where all destinations are within short distances, and impossible in the US, which has a vast land 【接下來的轉述是重要難點：】that cannot be fully covered by any public transportation.←措辭關鍵：this situation為主語，后面兩個表語并列，精簡了句子，以及后面的兩次定語從句。
Second, the reading is concerned about automobile transportation’s carbon emissions and the consequent global warming effect, and shows favor to public transportation for its less carbon emissions per passenger. In response,←陳述聽力材料和閱讀材料之間的關系： the lecture states that car manufacturers are making electric cars, which have no environmental hazard / are friendly to the environment, as the replacement of the fossil-fuel-driven cars.
Reading的開頭段落中的信息重點很不明顯，需要依靠全文和聽力材料判斷：The reading and lecture argue over whether Empress Cixi has been fairly judged, and the lecturerefutes the multiple points of criticism in the reading.
According to the reading passage, Cixi was upset by Emperor Guangxu’s dismissal of many Chinese administrators during his reforms, and put Guangxu under house arrest, and was the most probable suspect of Guangxu’s death. This opinion is opposed by the lecturer. The lecture indicates that Cixi protected China from foreign rule, 通過狀語從句形式把聽力原文中并列的信息整合組織到一個句子里：as she intervened, using troops, with Guangxu’s handing over Chinese sovereignty to the Japanese.
The reading also points out that Cixi’s aggressive act, permitting the Boxers to attach European diplomats and missionaries, to break away from European powers and their political and religious influence was counterproductive. The lecturer counter-argues that Cixi’s act had a good intent, which is to liberate China from foreign control, and 精選動詞很重要：defends Cixi by stating that the express accepted the responsibility and showed acceptance to foreigners.